SOLVING OIL SANDS & TAILING POND CHALLENGES
THE M-CRACK SYSTEM IS THE ANSWER
Unconsolidated sandstone deposits known as oil sands are comprised primarily of sand, clay and water saturated with bitumen.
Bitumen is a highly viscous and extra-heavy hydrocarbon with an average API gravity of 8°. It can be separated into two organic compounds: asphaltenes and maltenes.
Asphaltenes have a heavy molecular structure, imparting a high viscosity and density to the oil. They contain nickel, sulfur, vanadium, and ultra-fine particles that reduce the quality of the produced crude oil and make it expensive and difficult to transport and refine.
The main challenge facing mining or thermal operations such as SAGD is obtaining higher profit margins from bitumen without requiring large amounts of hot water and dilutent, or creating toxic tailing ponds.
OUR M-CRACK SYSTEM
Alfaluz’s cost-effective and 100% green M-CRACK system quickly separates contaminants from heavy oil during the production process without the use of dilutants, resulting in increased yield that is pipeline-ready.
The M-CRACK accomplishes this in three steps:
Step one eliminates H2S and temporarily reduces the viscosity and density of heavy oil. By hydro-blasting the heavy oil with a mix of cold water and less than 1% of Petromax®, no diluents or heat is required.
Step two separates solids, sulfur, asphaltenes, crystalized paraffin, heavy metals and some salts, resulting in a lighter oil with lower viscosity, lower density, and fewer contaminants.
Step three separates the oil from water, resulting in two valuable outputs:
Pipeline-ready commercial oil.
Clean water which can be recirculated within the M-CRACK system, or used as processed water without the need for additional expensive treatments.
STEP 1: IT ALL STARTS WITH PETROMAX
The first step breaks the link between the inorganic particles and the hydrocarbons.
Once the electric charge changes to a negative state in the inorganic particles in the injection chamber, the particles and the hydrocarbons instantly repel each other, forming a pumpable slurry.
The pumpable slurry contains no H2S, solids free of oil, and oil free of solids, water, salt and heavy metals suspended in the water phase.